COVID-19 pandemic, dental care, dental education, evidence-based pharmacy, teledentistry


Since the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) a pandemic in March 2020, the world has begun an unprecedented change in the organization of all areas of human life. Such conditions have become a difficult challenge for dental care and education institutions. This review collects materials from text databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Open Gray, Google Scholar, on the features of dental care and dental education in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the coexistence of diseases of the oral cavity and COVID-19.


Gurgel B.C.V., Borges S.B., Borges R.E.A., Calderon P.D.S. COVID-19: Perspectives for the management of dental care and education. J. Appl .Oral. Sci. Sep. 2020. 28.

Adil M.T., Rahman R., Whitelaw D., Jain V., Al-Taan O., Rashid F., Munasinghe A, Jambulingam P. SARS-CoV-2 and the pandemic of COVID-19. Postgrad. Med. J. Feb. 2021. 97 (1144) Р.110-116.

Kharroubi S., Saleh F. Are Lockdown Measures Effective Against COVID-19? Front Public Health. 2020 Oct. 22. 8. 549692. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.549692.

Оперативна інформація про поширення та профілактику COVID-19. МОЗ України. 24.02.2022

Iyer P., Aziz K., Ojcius D.M. Impact of COVID-19 on dental education in the United States. J. Dent. Educ. Jun. 2020. 84(6). Р. 718-722. https://doi: 10.1002/jdd.12163.

Peng X., Xu X., Li Y., Cheng L., Zhou X., Ren B. Transmission routes of2019-nCoV and controls in dental practice. Int. J. Oral. Sci. 2020. 12(1). 9. https://doi: 10.1038/s41368-020-0075-9.

Doremalen van N., Bushmaker T., Morris D.H., Holbrook M.G., Gamble A., Williamson B.N. et al. Aerosol and surface stability of SARS-CoV-2 as compared with SARS-CoV-1. N. Engl. J. Med. 2020. N 382(16). Р. 1564-67. https://doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2004973

Bai Y., Yao L., Wei T., Tian F., Jin D.Y., Chen L. et al. Presumed asymptomatic carrier transmission of COVID-19. JAMA. 14.04.2020. N 323 (14). Р. 1406-1407. https://doi:10.1001/jama.2020.2565

Lai C.C., Liu Y.H., Wang C.Y., Wang Y.H., Hsueh S.C., Yen M.Y. et al.Asymptomatic carrier state, acute respiratory disease, and pneumonia due to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2):facts and myths. J. Microbiol. Immunol. Infect. 2020. N 53(3). P. 404-12. https://doi:10.1016/j.jmii.2020.02.012

Baghizadeh F.M. Oral saliva and COVID-19. Oral Oncol. 2020. 108. https://doi:10.1016/j.oraloncology.2020.104821

Braz-Silva P.H., Pallos D., Giannecchini S., To K.K. SARS-CoV-2: What can saliva tell us? Oral. Dis. 2020 https://doi: 10.1111/odi.13365.

Sabino-Silva R., Jardim A.C.G., Siqueira W.L. Coronavirus COVID-19 impacts to dentistry and potential salivary diagnosis. Clin. Oral. Investig. Apr. 2020. 24(4). Р. 1619-1621. https://doi: 10.1007/s00784-020-03248-x.

Scannapieco F.A. Role of Oral Bacteria in Respiratory Infection. J. Periodontol. 1999. 70. Р. 793-802.

Hayata M., Watanabe N., Tamura M. The Periodontopathic Bacterium Fusobacterium nucleatum Induced Proinflammatory Cytokine Production by Human Respiratory Epithelial Cell Lines and in the Lower Respiratory Organs in Mice. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2019. 53. Р. 49-61.

Lovato A. , de Filippis C. , & Marioni G. Upper airway symptoms in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19). American Journal of Otolaryngology. 2020.

Reis V.P., Bezerra A.R., Maia A.B.P., Marques LC., Conde D.C. An integrative review of oral manifestations in patients with COVID-19: signs directly related to SARS-CoV-2 infection or secondary findings? 2021 Sep 19]. Int. J. Dermatol. 2021. https://doi:10.1111/ijd.15881.

World Health Organization – WHO. Modes of transmission of virus causing COVID-19: implications for IPC precaution recommendations. 6.04.2020


Centers of Disease Control and Prevention – CDC. Aerosols | NIOSH | CDC. 6.04.2020


American Dentistry Association – ADA. ADA interim guidance for minimizing risk of COVID-19 transmission. 1.04.2020.

American Dentistry Association – ADA. What constitutes a dental emergency? 6.04.2020.


Torales, J., O’Higgins, M., Castaldelli-Maia, J. and Ventriglio, A. The outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus and its impact on global mental health. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 2020. 66. Р. 317-320.

Help us help you: NHS urges public to get care when they need it]. Leeds. National Health Service Digital. 2020

Malekshoar M., Malekshoar M., Javanshir B. Challenges, limitations, and solutions for orthodontists during the coronavirus pandemic: A review. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2021. 159(1). https://doi:10.1016/j.ajodo. 2020.09.009.

da Silva H.E.C., Santos G.N.M., Leite A.F. et al. The role of teledentistry in oral cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic: an integrative literature review. Support Care Cancer. 2021. 29(12). Р. 7209-7223. https://doi:10.1007/s00520-021-06398-0.

Dinmohamed A.G., Visser O., Verhoeven R.H..A et al. Fewer cancer diagnoses during the COVID-19 epidemic in the Netherlands [published correction appears in Lancet Oncol. Lancet Oncol. 2020. 21(6). Р. 750-751. https://doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30265-5.

Machado R.A., Bonan P.R.F., Perez D.E.D.C., Martelli JÚnior H. COVID-19 pandemic and the impact on dental education: discussing current and future perspectives. Braz. Oral. Res. Jun. 29 2020. 34. https://doi: 10.1590/1807-3107bor-2020.vol34.0083. PMID: 32609144.

Quinn B., Field J., Gorter R., Akota I., Manzanares M.C., Paganelli C. et al. COVID-19: The immediate response of European Academic Dental Institutions and future implications for dental education. Eur J Dent Educ. 2020 May.



How to Cite

Pyndus Т., Bondarenko В., Stetsenko Д., Pyndus В., & Dorosh І. (2022). DENTAL PRACTICE AND EDUCATION DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: CURRENT CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS. Actual Problems of Medicine and Pharmacy, 3(2), 1–12.